UPSC Sociology Syllabus IAS Mains (Optional Subject) Exam

UPSC Sociology Syllabus

Paper – I: Fundamentals of Sociology

Sociology Syllabus For UPSC: Sociology – The Discipline

  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
  • Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
  • Sociology and common sense.

Sociology as Science

Science, scientific method and critiqueMajor theoretical strands of research methodology
Positivism and its critiqueFact value and objectivity
Non- positivist methodologies

Research Methods and Analysis

Qualitative and quantitative methodsTechniques of data collection
Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity

UPSC Sociology Syllabus Optional – Sociological Thinkers

  • Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
  • Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
  • Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
  • Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
  • Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
  • Mead – Self and identity.

Sociology Syllabus For UPSC: Stratification and Mobility

Conceptsequality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation
Theories of social stratificationStructural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory
DimensionsSocial stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race
Social mobilityopen and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility

Sociology Optional Syllabus: Works and Economic Life

  • Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society
  • Formal and informal organization of work
  • Labour and society

Sociology Syllabus For UPSC :Politics and Society

  • Sociological theories of power
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology
  • Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution

Religion and Society

Sociological theories of religion
Types of religious practices Animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
Religion in modern society Religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

UPSC Sociology Syllabus Optional – Systems of Kinship

Family, household, marriageTypes and forms of family
Lineage and descentPatriarchy and sexual division of labour
Contemporary trends

Social Change in Modern Society

Sociological theories of social changeDevelopment and dependency
Agents of social changeEducation and social change
Science, technology and social change

Paper – II: Indian Society – Structure and Change

UPSC IAS Sociology Syllabus – Introducing Indian Society

PERSPECTIVES ON THE STUDY OF INDIAN SOCIETY
Indology (GS. Ghurye)Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas)
Marxist sociology (A R Desai)
IMPACT OF COLONIAL RULE ON INDIAN SOCIETY
Social background of Indian nationalismModernization of Indian tradition
Protests and movements during the colonial periodSocial reforms

Sociology Syllabus For UPSC :Social Structure

RURAL AND AGRARIAN SOCIAL STRUCTURE
The idea of Indian village and village studies.Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
CASTE SYSTEM
Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.Features of caste system.
Untouchability – forms and perspectives.
TRIBAL COMMUNITIES IN INDIA
Definitional problemsGeographical spread
Colonial policies and tribesIssues of integration and autonomy
SOCIAL CLASSES IN INDIA
Agrarian class structureIndustrial class structure
Middle classes in India
SYSTEMS OF KINSHIP IN INDIA
Lineage and descent in IndiaTypes of kinship systems
Family and marriage in IndiaHousehold dimensions of the family
Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour
RELIGION AND SOCIETY
Religious communities in IndiaProblems of religious minorities

UPSC Sociology Syllabus Optional :Social Changes in India

VISIONS OF SOCIAL CHANGE IN INDIA
Idea of development planning and mixed economyConstitution, law and social change
Education and social change
RURAL AND AGRARIAN TRANSFORMATION IN INDIA
Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemesGreen revolution and social change
Changing modes of production in Indian agricultureProblems of rural labour, bondage, migration
INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANISATION IN INDIA
Evolution of modern industry in IndiaGrowth of urban settlements in India
Working class: structure, growth, class mobilizationInformal sector, child labour
Slums and deprivation in urban areas
POLITICS AND SOCIETY
Nation, democracy and citizenshipPolitical parties, pressure groups , social and political elite
Regionalism and decentralization of powerSecularization
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN MODERN INDIA
Peasants and farmers movementsWomen’s movement
Backward classes & Dalit movementEnvironmental movements
Ethnicity and Identity movements
POPULATION DYNAMICS
Population size, growth, composition and distributionComponents of population growth: birth, death, migration
Population policy and family planningEmerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health
CHALLENGES OF SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION
Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainabilityPoverty, deprivation and inequalities
Violence against womenCaste conflicts
Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalismIlliteracy and disparities in education

UPSC Sociology Books:

Here we’ve added UPSC Sociology Syllabus Books list to prepare well for Paper 1 and Paper 2, must have a glance:

Paper-I
1Sociology – Anthony Giddens
2Sociology – Harlombos and Holborn
3Sociological Thought – Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
4Political Theory – O P Gauba
Paper-II
5Social Change in India – M N Srinivas
6Modernization of Indian Tradition – Yogendra Singh
7Handbook of Indian Sociology – Veena Das
8Indian Society and Culture – NadeemHasnain
9Rural Sociology – Doshi and Jain
10Social Background of Indian Nationalism – A R Desai

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