UPSC Civil Services Syllabus (Pre, Mains, Interview): Subject-Wise

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern :

UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam Pattern :

Paper No.Max Marks
2 hours for Each Subject
General Studies 1200
General Studies 2200

Points To Be Noted For Civil Services Prelims Exam

  • Prelims Examination is an Objective type of Examination with Multiple Choice Questions
  • Exam consists of two papers namely Paper I and Paper II, which will be of 02 to 02 hours duration.

UPSC Civil Services Prelims Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Paper I Syllabus:

Current events of national and
international importance.
History of India and Indian
National Movement added in
UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam Syllabus
Indian and World Geography -Physical,
Social, Economic Geography of India
and the World added in UPSC Civil Services Pre Syllabus
Indian Polity and Governance –
Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj,
Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
Economic and Social Development –
Sustainable Development, Poverty,
Inclusion, Demographics, Social
Sector initiatives, etc.
General issues on Environmental
Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate
Change – that do not require
subject specialization added in
UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Syllabus
General Science.

UPSC Civil Services Paper II Syllabus:

Interpersonal skills including
Communication Skills
Logical reasoning and
analytical ability
Decision-making and
problem solving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their
relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)
(Class X level), Data interpretation
(charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency
etc. – Class X level).
English Language Comprehension skills
(Class X level) added in
UPSC Civil Services Pre Exam Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Main Exam Pattern :

Subjects DescriptionMax  Marks
Qualifying Paper
Paper-A :One of the Indian
Languages to be selected by the
candidate from the 18 languages included
in the VIIIth Schedule to the Constitution (Qualifying Paper)
Paper-B : English (Qualifying Paper)300
Papers To Be Counted For Merit
Paper-I : Essay250
Papers II :General Studies I250
Papers III :General Studies II250
Papers IV :General Studies III250
Papers V :General Studies IV250
Papers VI :Optional Subjects Paper 1250
Papers VII : Optional Subjects Paper 2250
Total Marks for Written
Personality Test275
Grand Total2025

Important Points concerning UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam :

  • Mains Examination is a written Examination.
  • It consists of 9 Papers out of which 2 are Qualifying in nature namely Paper A and Paper B; remaining 7 papers which are namely Paper I to Paper VII which are based on Ranking.
  • Questions will be available in Hindi as well as English.

UPSC Civil Services Mains Syllabus

Civil Services Mains Exam contains nine (9) papers including optional (2 papers) which is Descriptive in nature.

UPSC Civil Services Mains Qualifying Paper Syllabus:

Paper – A Any Indian Language:
For this examination candidates have to choose
one language from the Languages included in the
Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.
This exam is not compulsory for applicants hailing
from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur,
Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim
Paper-B English:
This paper is conducted to test eligibility of
aspirants and to check skills of aspirants in
English and Indian Language concerned.
Aspirants are selected on basis of some facts
like how they understand these languages and
how they express their ideas clearly and correctly.
The pattern of questions would be generally as follows:-Comprehension of given passagesPrecise WritingUsage and Vocabulary

UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper 1 Syllabus:

  • Candidates required to write essays on multiple topics.
  • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

UPSC CSE Syllabus – Paper 2- General Studies Paper 1:

Indian Heritage/ Culture, World History & Geography

Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from
olden to present times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle
of the eighteenth century until the present-
significant events, personalities, issues
The Freedom Struggle – its various stages
and important contributors /contributions
from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and
restructuring within the country
History of the world will include events
from 18th Century.
Salient Features of Indian Society,
Diversity of India
Role of women and women’s organization.
Effects of globalization on Indian Society
Social Empowerment
Salient Features of world’s
Physical Geography
Distribution of Key Natural Resources
Across the world
Important Geographical Phenomena
India and its neighborhoods-relations
Bilateral, Regional and global
Effects of policies
Important international institutions etc

Paper 3- General Studies 2:

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations:

  • Functions and duties of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government Policies and interventions for development in various sectors
  • Development process and the development industry
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable section of the population by centre and states.
  • Issue relating to development
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
  • Important aspects of Governance
  • Role of Civil Services in a democracy
  • Role of external state
  • Challenges of internal security through communications networks
  • Security challenges
  • Various security forces and agencies and their mandate etc

Paper 4- General Studies 3:

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security & Disaster Management:

Inclusive growth and issues arising
from it
Government Budgeting added in
UPSC Civil Services Syllabus
Development, Bio diversity, Environment,
Security and Disaster Management.
Security challenges and their management in
border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Food processing and related industries in India-
scope and significance, location, upstream
and downstream requirements, supply
chain management
Various Security forces and agencies and
their mandate
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning,
mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation,
environmental impact assessment.
Disaster and disaster management
Linkages between development and
spread of extremism
Land reforms in India
Effects of Liberalization on the economy
Infrastructure: Energy, ports, roads etc
Investment models
Science and technology
Achievements of Indian in Science and
technology added in UPSC Civil Services Syllabus
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space,
Computers etc
Conversation, environmental pollution
and degradation
Disaster and Disaster Management
Linkages between development and
spread of extremism etc

Paper 5- General Studies 4:

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of  Public Service
  • Case studies on Above Issues etc

Paper 6 & 7 Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice):

Applicants can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below and also download Civil Services Optional Subjects Syllabus / Civil Services Syllabus Pdf In Hindi

2Electrical Engineering
5Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
8Civil Engineering
9Commerce and Accountancy
17Mechanical Engineering
18Medical Science
20Political Science and International
22Public Administration

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