IAS Exam Syllabus By UPSC: Prelims/Mains (Topic Wise)

UPSC IAS Pre Exam Syllabus

IAS Exam Paper 1 Syllabus – (200 marks)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic
  • Geography of India and the World included in IAS Pre Syllabus.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System,
  • Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development,
  • Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and
  • Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science included in IAS Preliminary Exam Syllabus.

IAS Exam Syllabus- Paper II-(200 marks)

  • Comprehension included in IAS Exam Syllabus Prelims;
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
  • Decision making and problem solving;
  • General mental ability included in IAS Pre Exam Syllabus
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations,
  • orders of magnitude, etc.)  (Class X level),
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables,
  • data sufficiency etc. — Class X level) included in IAS Exam Syllabus New

IAS Mains Exam Syllabus

IAS Exam Syllabus Topic Wise For Paper I – Essay

  • Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.
  • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the
    essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression included in Syllabus of IAS Exam.

Syllabus of IAS PAPER-II

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/ contributions from different parts of the country included in IAS Exam 2019 Syllabus.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society included in IAS Exam Syllabus 2019.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society included in IAS Exam Latest Syllabus.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography included in IAS Exam Complete Syllabus.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including
  • South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

IAS Exam Syllabus of Mains Paper III

  • Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution,
  • Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions And Basic Structure
  • Functions And Responsibilities Of The Union And The States, Issues And Challenges Pertaining To The Federal Structure, Devolution Of Powers And Finances Up To Local Levels And Challenges Therein.
  • Separation Of Powers Between Various Organs Dispute Redressal
  • Mechanisms And Institutions included in IAS Syllabus Mains.
  • Comparison Of The Indian Constitutional Scheme With That Of Other Countries.
  • Parliament And State Legislatures—Structure, Functioning, Conduct Of
  • Business, Powers & Privileges And Issues Arising Out Of These.
  • Structure, Organization And Functioning Of The Executive And The
  • Judiciary—Ministries And Departments Of The Government; Pressure
  • Groups And Formal/Informal Associations And Their Role In The Polity.
  • Salient Features Of The Representation Of People’s Act.
  • Appointment To Various Constitutional Posts, Powers, Functions
  • And Responsibilities Of Various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, Regulatory And Various Quasi-Judicial Bodies included in IAS Exam Syllabus for 2019.
  • Government Policies And Interventions For Development In Various
  • Sectors And Issues Arising Out Of Their Design And Implementation.
  • Development Processes And The Development Industry —The Role Of
  • Ngos, Shgs, Various Groups And Associations, Donors, Charities,
  • Institutional And Other Stakeholders.
  • Welfare Schemes For Vulnerable Sections Of The Population By The
  • Centre And States And The Performance Of These Schemes; Mechanisms,
  • Laws, Institutions And Bodies Constituted For The Protection And
  • Betterment Of These Vulnerable Sections.
  • Issues Relating To Development And Management Of Social Sector/
  • Services Relating To Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues Relating To Poverty And Hunger.
  • Important Aspects Of Governance, Transparency And Accountability,
  • E-Governance- Applications, Models, Successes, Limitations, And
  • Potential; Citizens Charters, Transparency & Accountability And
  • Institutional And Other Measures included in IAS Mains Exam Syllabus.
  • Role Of Civil Services In A Democracy.
  • India And Its Neighborhood- Relations.
  • Bilateral, Regional And Global Groupings And Agreements
  • Involving India And/Or Affecting India’s Interests.
  • Effect Of Policies And Politics Of Developed And Developing
  • Countries On India’s Interests, Indian Diaspora included in IAS Exam Syllabus.
  • Important International Institutions, Agencies And Foratheir Structure, Mandate.

IAS Exam Paper 2 Syllabus for PAPER-IV

  • Indian Economy And Issues Relating To Planning, Mobilization, of Resources, Growth, Development And Employment.
  • Inclusive Growth And Issues Arising From It.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major Crops-Cropping Patterns In Various Parts Of The Country, –
  • Different Types Of Irrigation And Irrigation Systems Storage, Transport
  • And Marketing Of Agricultural Produce And Issues And Related Constraints;
  • Etechnology In The Aid Of Farmers.
  • Issues Related To Direct And Indirect Farm Subsidies And
  • Minimum Support Prices; Public Distribution System Objectives,
  • Functioning, Limitations, Revamping; Issues Of Buffer Stocks And
  • Food Security; Technology Missions; Economics Of Animal-Rearing.
  • Food Processing And Related Industries In India- Scope’
  • And Significance, Location, Upstream And Downstream
  • Requirements, Supply Chain Management.
  • Land Reforms In India included in IAS Exam Syllabus.
  • Effects Of Liberalization On The Economy, Changes In Industrial
  • Policy And Their Effects On Industrial Growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways Etc.
  • Investment Models.
  • Science And Technology- Developments And Their Applications
  • And Effects In Everyday Life.
  • Achievements Of Indians In Science & Technology; Indigenization
  • Of Technology And Developing New Technology.
  • Awareness In The Fields Of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics,
  • Nano-Technology, Bio-Technology And Issues Relating To
  • Intellectual Property Rights.
  • Conservation, Environmental Pollution And Degradation,
  • Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • Disaster And Disaster Management.
  • Linkages Between Development And Spread Of Extremism.
  • Role Of External State And Non-State Actors In Creating Challenges To Internal Security included in IAS Exam Syllabus 2019.
  • Challenges To Internal Security Through Communication
  • Networks, Role Of Media And Social Networking Sites In
  • Internal Security Challenges, Basics Of Cyber Security;
  • Money-Laundering And Its Prevention.
  • Security Challenges And Their Management In Border Areas –
  • Linkages Of Organized Crime With Terrorism.
  • Various Security Forces And Agencies And Their Mandate.

IAS Exam Syllabus for Paper-V

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues
IAS Exam Syllabus for AgricultureAnimal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
UPSC Sociology SyllabusUPSC Public Administration Syllabus
ChemistryCivil Engineering
Commerce and AccountancyUPSC General Studies Syllabus
Electrical EngineeringBotany
LawUPSC Political Science Syllabus
UPSC History SyllabusMechanical Engineering
Medical ScienceUPSC Economics Syllabus
PhysicsPsychology
UPSC Anthropology SyllabusZoology
UPSC Philosophy SyllabusStatistics
ManagementLiterature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati,
Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili,
Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya,
Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi,
Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
UPSC Mathematics SyllabusUPSC Geography Syllabus

UPSC IAS Exam Pattern

IAS Prelims Exam Pattern

PapersName of the SubjectsQuestionsMarks
Paper IGeneral Studies100200
Paper IIAptitude80200
TOTAL400

IAS Mains Exam Pattern

PaperSubjectMarks
A(One of the Indian languages listed below,
to be selected by the candidate (from the
languages listed in the Eighth Schedule to
the Constitution of India) (Qualifying)
300
BEnglish (Qualifying)300
IEssay250
IIGeneral StudiesI (Indian heritage and culture,
history and geography of the world and society)
250
IIIGeneral Studies II (Governance, constitution,
polity, social justice, and international relations)
250
IVGeneral Studies III (Technology,
economic development, biodiversity,
environment, security and disaster management)
250
VGeneral Studies-IV(ethics, integrity, and aptitude)250
VIVIITwo papers on subjects to be selected by
the candidate from the list of optional subjects
below (250 marks for each paper)
500
Total (Written Test)1750

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